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فارسی »» The Iranian History Era :15 Kharazm Dynasty (1077 - 1231) AD

March, 6, 1079 A.D.:
Jalali/Persian Calendar Invented

A group of astronomers including famous Omar Khayyam created the new solar calendar known as Jalali calendar, named after Malekshah, a Seljuk king who founded Isfahan observatory. The most precise calculations of solar year were integrated into this calendar that used solar passes through zodiac for... Read Full Article:

October, 31, 1083 A.D.:
Turanshah Becomes King Of Kerman

Great Seljuk's authority extended over other lines which included rulers of Hamedan, Kerman, Syria and Anatolia. Turanshah from the Seljuk dynasty, son of Qavurd proclaimed king of Kerman which covered a vast area stretching down to the Persian Gulf and included Oman. After Alparslan's death, Maleks... Read Full Article:

September, 3, 1090 A.D.:
Hasan Sabbah Captures Alamout

Life of mystic leader Hasan Sabbah and stories behind Alamout Castle have been source of many mysterious stories. Born in Rhagae as a 12 Imam Shia Muslim, Hasan Sabbah adopted Ismailism after his trip to Egypt in 1078 and when he returned to Iran in 1080, he began spreading the word. Ismailism is ... Read Full Article:

November, 2, 1092 A.D.:
Nezamolmolk Assassinated

Nezamolmolk, the famous Iranian politician who served as Vezir during the Seljuk occupation was assassinated by Abu Taher Arani on Nov, 2, 1092 (Nov, 14 which coincides with Ramazan, 10, 485 according to some other accounts). Nezamolmolk served Seljuk Alparslan and his son Malekshah and had great ac... Read Full Article:

May, 21, 1097 A.D.:
First Crusaders Defeat Seljuks

Following the death of Malekshah, disunity within the Seljuk realms allowed for the unexpected success of the First Crusade. Kilij Arslan established the Seljuk Rum empire and chose Iznik as his capital. After he defeated the first wave of Crusaders in 1096 and killed about 30,000 near Iznik, he hea... Read Full Article:

May, 10, 1119 A.D.:
Seljuk Kings Clash At Saveh

The war of Saveh took place between armies of Sultan Sanjar and his nephew Sultan Mahmoud from the Seljuk dynasty. Although the war was won by Sultan Sanjar, he pardoned Mahmoud and spared his life. Seljuks consisted of several Turkish dynasties ruling over a great part of western Asia including Per... Read Full Article:

March, 30, 1120 A.D.:
Manouchehr 2. Becomes Shervan King

After his father Fereydoun was killed in a battle with Georgians, Manouchehr 2 becomes new king of the Shirvan region on March, 30, 1120. Shirvan or Shervan was a coastal region by the Caspian Sea in Caucasia. The Sassanid Emperor used to appoint an independent general for Shirvan in order to create... Read Full Article:

June, 19, 1124 A.D.:
Hassan Sabbah Dies

The darkest days of the Iranian history is associated with the Turkic tribal invasions, not only because of misery inflicted on citizens but also due to the fact that Iranians could no longer live as farmers because of constant attacks from bandits. This period generated a cult of Ismailism leaded b... Read Full Article:

January, 20, 1138 A.D.:
Assassin Master Kia Bozorg Dies

Kia Bozorg, the Grand Master of the Alamout castle died and was succeeded by his son Mohammad. He in turn was followed by his son Ḥasan who declared himself a descendant of Imam and carried on the New Cause. Hasan held a great assembly on August 8, 1164 in which he declared himself the Imam, thus ... Read Full Article:

March, 20, 1161 A.D.:
Coronation of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar

Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (Persian: آغا محمد خان قاجار‎, romanized: Āghā Mohammad Khān-e Qājār; 14 March 1742 – 17 June 1797), also known by his regnal name of Agha Mohammad Shah (آقا محمد شاه, Āghā Mohammad Šāh), was the founder of the Qajar dynasty of Iran, rul... Read Full Article:

August, 11, 117 A.D.:
Hadrianus Makes Peace With Iran

After years of intrigue, Hadrianus was adopted and named successor just before Trajan's death. Three days after becoming the new Roman emperor, Hadrianus surrendered Trajan's conquests in Mesopotamia, considering them to be indefensible. He executed his senatorial opponents, abandoned Trajan's conqu... Read Full Article:

August, 5, 1191 A.D.:
Death of Persian philosopher Sohrevardi

Persian philosopher Sohrevardi passed away on 5th Rajab 587 Lunar Hijri. "Shahāb ad-Dīn" Yahya ibn Habash as-Suhrawardī (Persian: شهاب‌الدین سهروردی‎, also known as Sohrevardi) was a Persian philosopher, a Sufi and founder of Illuminationism, an important school in Islamic my... Read Full Article:

March, 26, 1194 A.D.:
Last Seljuk King Killed

After almost a century, the Seljuk dynasty reached its end. Following Sultan Sanjar's death, the Seljuks entered a power struggle which gave the Kharazm king Ilarslan the opportunity to capture most of Transoxiana and parts of Khorasan. Upon Ilarslan's death, his son Alaaddin Takesh won a decisive b... Read Full Article:

April, 5, 1221 A.D.:
Jalal al-Din Khwarazm-Shah Defeats Mongols at The Battle of Parwan

The Battle of Parwan was fought between sultan Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu of the Khwarezmid Empire and the Mongols in 1221. Battle Following the Mongol invasion of Khwarezm, Jalal ad-Din was forced to flee towards the Hindukush, where he began to muster additional troops to face the Mongols. With the ar... Read Full Article:

December, 2, 1221 A.D.:
Jalal ad-Din Defeated By Genghis Khan at The Battle of Indus

The Battle of the Indus was fought at the Indus river, in the year 1221 between Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, the sultan of the Khwarezmian dynasty and his only remaining forces of thirty thousand against the two hundred thousand strong Mongolian army of Genghis Khan. Background Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu was... Read Full Article:

Periods of the Iranian/Persian History by Dynasties