Count chickens at the end of Autumn

فارسی »» The Iranian History Era :2 Achaemenid Empire (550 - 331) BC


January, 20, 330 B.C.:
Battle at the Persian Gate


The Battle of the Persian Gate was a military conflict between the Achaemenid Empire and Macedonian Alexander at the Persian Gate. It's been narrated by Callisthenes who kept Alexander's diary that on this day, the army of Alexander that consisted of tens of thousands of soldiers could not proceed a... Read Full Article:


February, 4, 330 B.C.:
Perspolis Turns Into Ashes


A hero to one nation may well be a sucker to another; and that's the case for Alexander the Great. After the battle of Gaugamela Dariush 3 retreated to Ecbatana on Oct, 4, 331 B.C. to rearrange a new army. However uprisings started all over the kingdom. Alexander conquers Babylon and Susa easily and... Read Full Article:


May, 19, 330 B.C.:
Rhagae Falls After 3 Days Of Resistance


After the Gaugamela battle, the defeated Iranian army started retreating till they reached Rhagae. Despite having no leader and no supplies, starting from May, 16th, with the help of local citizens, a bloody battle continued street by street. While Rhagae citadel was being defended by local resident... Read Full Article:


June, 28, 330 B.C.:
Greeks Adopt Achaemenid Calendars


While cities of the Achaemenid Empire were being captured one after another by Macedonian Alexander, among many booties recovered from the Persian civilization, Iranian achievements in science and technology were quickly adopted by the Greeks. It is important to note that even a simple innovation su... Read Full Article:


September, 3, 331 B.C.:
Alexander Reaches Tigris


While Dariush 3 was preparing for the battle in Gaugamela, Alexander and his forces after allowing his men to rest near Carrhae reached Tigris. Meanwhile Mazaeus' army joined forces with Dariush 3 and was sent on ahead to demolish the crop and food resources to make it inconvenient for Alexander, th... Read Full Article:


October, 1, 331 B.C.:
Battle Of Gaugamela Lost To Alexander


Alexander had set spies all over Persia. After the eclipse of the moon was visible on Sep, 20 morals were low on the Persian side as it was considered a sign of defeat. Now there was a superstitious air created that noticed a meteor flash on Sep, 23 which was considered another bad luck for Persians... Read Full Article:


November, 6, 333 B.C.:
The Battle of Issus


When the forces of Alexander and his general Parmenion joined at Pillar of Jonah, Dariush 3rd forces were on their back passing the Armenian gate. The two armies clashed on the coastal plain. When Alexander charged his cavalry from the right, he could easily pass the Persian army barrier from behind... Read Full Article:


May, 23, 334 B.C.:
Battle of the Granicus


The Battle of the Granicus River in May 334 BC was the first of three major battles fought between Alexander the Great and the Persian Empire. Fought in Northwestern Asia Minor, near the site of Troy, it was here that Alexander defeated the forces of the Persian satraps of Asia Minor, including a la... Read Full Article:


May, 23, 334 B.C.:
The Battle Of Granicus


The battle of Granicus took place near the Hellespontine at the crossing of the Granicus River between forces of invading Macedonian Alexander and the Persian Satrapy of Phrygia General Arsames. The Iranian generals did not take the attack seriously and confronted the Macedonian army with 15000 cava... Read Full Article:


July, 6, 343 B.C.:
Second Persian Occupation Of Egypt


Nakhthorhebe gave sacrifices to gods on this full moon night to help him in the war with Artaxerxes 3 Ochus. The Persian king was determined to get back Egypt after 60 years and finally succeeded by help from Bagoas and Mentor of Rhodes. However, he disrespected Egyptian religion and traditions; kil... Read Full Article:


June, 6, 344 B.C.:
Cyprus Revolt Suppressed


Artaxerxes 2 of Achaemenid empire suppressed the revolt in Cyprus which used to be a naval base for the Iranian army for two centuries. In a treaty made in 386 B.C., Athens officially acknowledged Iran's rule over Cyprus as the world's single superpower of the time and guaranteed not to meddle in it... Read Full Article:


June, 2, 36 B.C.:
Ord 2. Descends The Parthian Throne


Shortly after his son Pacor was kille during Iranian wars in West Asia, Ord 2. voluntarily descended the Parthian throne and appointed Farhad 4. as his successor. Ord 2. ruled the Parthian Empire from 56 B.C. after defeating his elder brother and succeeded Mehrdad 3. The Parthian Empire reached its... Read Full Article:


August, 8, 40 B.C.:
Iran Takes Syria Back From Romans


After crushing the Roman army, Iran took back Syria. The Iranian army then proceeded and liberated Palestine. After the Roman senate declared war on Iran, it took 3 years to find legionaries from all over the Roman realm including today's West Europe, Spain, North Africa, Greece and Yugoslavia. Bef... Read Full Article:


October, 5, 401 B.C.:
Battle Of Cunaxa


Cyrus the Younger decided to revolt against his brother Artaxerxes 2 Mnemon. Cyrus was Satrap of Lydia, Cappadocia and Phrygia and chief commander of Asia Minor. It's possible that queen Parysatis was behind this event. On Oct, 5, 401 BC, Cyrus reached Cunaxa 70 km north of Babylon with some 30,000 ... Read Full Article:


April, 3, 404 B.C.:
Artaxerxes 2. Becomes King


After death of Dariush 2 Nothus, his son Ashk from queen Parysatis became the new king. His throne name was Artaxerxes 2 Mnemon. But his accession to the throne was not easy as civil war began and Artaxerxes' brother Cyrus the younger revolted but was defeated at Cunaxa near Babylon. Amyrtaeus rev... Read Full Article:

Periods of the Iranian/Persian History by Dynasties