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فارسی »» The Iranian History Era :4 Parthian Empire (247 BC - 226 AD)


September, 12, 129 B.C.:
The Battle of Ecbatana


At the Battle of Ecbatana: The Seleucid King Antiochus VII Sidetes is defeated and killed by the Parthians under Phraates II, ending Seleucid control over Media or Mesopotamia. The Battle of Ecbatana was fought in 129 BC between the Seleucids led by Antiochus VII Sidetes and the Parthians led by Phr... Read Full Article:


June, 5, 154 B.C.:
Mehrdad I Captures Babylon


Mehrdad I succeeded his brother Farhad I and turned Parthia into a major political power. He drove back the Seleucid rulers from Bactria, Persia, Media, and Mesopotamia city after city. He gained control of the royal road built during the Achaemenid and established trade along the silk road that was... Read Full Article:


March, 1, 173 B.C.:
First Constitutional Monarchy In Iran


The sixth Parthian king Mehrdad I ordered codification of a general constitution against which all citizens were to know their rights and responsibilities. Thereafter two parliaments were created that together formed the Iranian senate or Mehestan. Among duties of Mehestan were choosing the crown pr... Read Full Article:


December, 21, 1738 B.C.:
Oldest Record Of YALDA


The oldest record of the Yalda night celebrated by Iranians throughout the world dates back to a calendar observed by Iranians who left for India after the Arab invasion. Yalda is the longest night of the year and the next day is believed to be the birth day of the sun also called Daygan. On the Yal... Read Full Article:


March, 25, 1768 B.C.:
Zarathustra is born


Zoroaster, the great philosopher and prophet, and founder of Zoroastrianism was born in Urmia. Although there's a debate on the place and year of his birth, Zoroastrians commonly agree that he was born on 6th of Farvardin or March, 25. The legend goes; right after Zoroaster was born he burst into la... Read Full Article:


April, 1, 2 B.C.:
Farhad 4 Murdered


Farhad IV of Parthia was poisoned by his Italian wife Thermusa and her younger son. Farhad IV ascended the throne in 37 B.C. after his brother's death. He then killed his father and 30 of his brothers, seen as rivals. In 36 B.C. the Roman general Marc Anthony invaded Parthia but he was defeated in A... Read Full Article:


October, 1, 243 B.C.:
Ptolemy 3. Retreats From Susa


Ptolemy 3 Euergetes conquered Babylon and Susa in 245 B.C. He had defeated the ruler of the Seleucid dynasty in the Third Syrian War (245-241) Meanwhile, Parthians under Tirdad were regaining strength and defeated Ptolemy's forces east of Susa. Parthians were causing heavy damages on Seleucids in No... Read Full Article:

Periods of the Iranian/Persian History by Dynasties